Glossary

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • F
  • G
  • H
  • I
  • L
  • M
  • O
  • P
  • Q
  • R
  • S
  • T
  • V
    • A
      • The price at which a trader is willing to buy the trading instrument: share, bond, futures, currency, etc.
    • B
      • "Bear market" its a term used when a market price have strong down trend.
      • "Bear" a trader who tries to fall market price down by opening a sell (short) positions.
      • "Bull" a trader who tries to rise market price up by opening a buy (long) positions.
      • "Bull market" its a term used when a market price have strong rise trend.
      • The ratio between the money available in the account and money engaged for making transactions.
      • The first currency in a pair. Quoted currency is bought for base currency. For example, in USD/RUB pair, the USD is the base currency.
      • The price at which a trader is willing to sell the trading instrument: share, bond, futures, currency, etc.
      • Crossing by the price of a significant border (level of local maximum / minimum, psychological values, trend line).
      • A company that grants access for individuals or companies to a stock exchange or international bank market. A broker charges a commission, wich usually depends from customer's transaction volume.
    • C
      • A graphic representation of a trading instrument price over the past trading period and current price. On Forex usually use a japan candle chart view.
      • Crossing of resistance or support level by the price.
      • A financial instrument allowing to profit off price change of an asset without holding it. Buying CFD, you buy price to an instrument, but not the instrument itself. Basic assets are shares, commodities, futures, indices.
      • Relationship of two currencies to the third one, most often to the US dollar.
      • A financial instrument in the Forex market. A currency pair consists of the base and counter currency. Main or major currency pairs on Forex: EURUSD, GBPUSD, USDCHF, USDJPY, USDCAD, AUDUSD, NZDUSD.
    • D
      • Separate of capital between different assets with low risk levels to minimize risks and financial losses.
    • F
      • Short-term crossing of a certain conventional border by the price (level of support or resistance, trend line, etc.) with subsequent return and movement in the opposite direction.
      • Little movement of a price value in some period of time. On charts flat looks like horozontal line.
      • FOREX - its acronym from FOReign EXchange market. On this market traders deals trades with various financial instruments, like currencies, stocks, futures, commodities, etc.
      • A method for forecasting market movement based on analysis of economic data, political events and company reports.
    • G
      • A significant price spread between the closing price of the previous timeframe (time interval) and the open price of the next timeframe. Visually, on the chart, you will see a breach between figures/chart lines. Usually occurs  between fridays closing time and mondays opening time of trades.
    • H
      • Open positions on different markets / instruments for minimalize risk of capital loss.
    • I
      • A common name of a mathematical tool in a technical analysis. Indicators are needed to analyze a chart and forecast future price movement.
      • An economic situation, when prices of goods and services in the country are growing, and purchasing power is falling.
      • Financial document (stock, futures, option...) which trader can sell or buy to provide receive funds.
      • An impact of a national Central Bank in order to influence the exchange rate of the national currency, i.e. to weaken or strengthen it.
    • L
      • Relation between borrowed and own funds. It is expressed as 1:10, 1:100. Leverage 1:100 means that in order to carry out a transaction the minimal amount at the account shall be 1% of the operation volume.
      • Option to easily sell or buy a financial asset at market price. High liquidity means high trade activity and volume.
      • Opposite positions opened at the share dealing account  (buy or sell) for a single financial instrument of a certain volume.
      • Termin used when open a buy position on Forex market.
      • A unit measure of the volume of a financial instrument, standard value of a contract. Standard lot at Forex market is 100,000 units of the base currency.
    • M
      • Security deposit at the account upon which the broker provides a credit for performing trade operations.
      • Tradingof market with credit money.
      • An automated system,where rules for carrying out transactions regulated by robot.
    • O
      • An order of a trader to buy or sell a financial instrument. They distinguish a market order and a pending order. Market order — buy or sale oprration at a current price. Pending order — buy or sale operation at a price indicated by the trader.
      • A market situation in case of overgrowth of the asset price. It is followed by price reduction.
      • A market situation in case of too low fall of the asset price. It is followed by price growth.
    • P
      • A minimum change in currency rate. For the majority of currency pairs (EURUSD, GBPUSD, USDCHF) one point equals 0.0001, for USDJPY — 0.01.
      • Change in price movement direction after its sustained growth or reduction, when market players believe that the reached price is too high or, vice versa, too low.
    • Q
      • It's a price value at a certain moment of time. Usually have 4-5 digits after the decimal point.
      • The second currency in the pair. It is used when buying or selling the base currency. For example, in USD/EUR pair, euro is the counter currency.
    • R
      • The difference between the maximum and minimum price for a period of time.
      • Price of a certain currency expressed in another currency.
      • A level, reaching which price reduction is expected.
      • The price growth of a trading instrument.
    • S
      • A price at which a trader sells a trading instrument.
      • Termin used when trader open sell position.
      • A difference between buy and sale price expressed in points.
      • An instruction to the trading platform to automatically close the position, if the price comes close to a certain level. Stop loss is required to limit capital losses.
      • A forced closure of client's positions by the broker, if acceptable level of losses is reached.
      • Payment for a swap of an unclosed position to the next day.
      • A level, reaching which asset price growth is expected.
      • Difference in credit interest rates for currencies used in trades. Its take place at open positions left for overnight.
    • T
      • An instruction to the trading platform to automatically close the position, if the price comes close to a certain level. Take Profit is required to lock in profits.
      • Chart analysis method based on price development in the earlier periods. Besides, mathematical analysis methods are used.
      • An account, to which money is placed for performing trade operations.
      • A range, in which the price remains during trading.
      • Purchase or sale of asset in a certain volume at a pre-set price.
      • A set of rules for making transactions.
      • Software for receiving a flow of currency quotes, carrying out transactions and analysis of charts.
      • A natural person or a legal entity carrying out transactions.
      • Carrying out transactions at financial markets.
      • A steady trend (direction) in price movement. They distinguish an up and down trend — growth and fall of an asset price respectively.
      • A straight line in the price chart, it reflects the current market direction — whether the asset price is growing or falling.
    • V
      • The variability of the exchange rate within a certain period of time.
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